IRAN: Mujahedin-E-Khalq - MEK, MKO, PMOI, NCRI

Internet Resources

Available at:
Home page of the supporters of the National Council of Resistance of Iran which is believed to have connections to MEK. Offers news and analyses.

Iranian Mojahedin.
Available at:
Site offers access to news, the Iran Liberation Weekly, and online books by the National Council of Resistance of Iran.

Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO).
Available at:
Site maintained by the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism. Under the 'International Terrorism' section choose 'Terrorist Organization Profiles' then 'Mujahedin-e Khalq'. Offers sections titled: History, Terrorist Activity, Updates and Attacks.

** For additional internet sites, refer to the General Internet Resources section at the beginning of this bibliography.


Abrahamian, Ervand. The Iranian Mojahedin. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1989. 307 p.
Book call no.: 955.053 A159i

Anderson, Sean and Sloan, Stephen. Historical Dictionary of Terrorism. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1995. 452 p.
Mujahideen - Iran, pp 226-228.
Book call no.: R 303.62503 A594h

Defense & Foreign Affairs Handbook 1999. Alexandria, VA, International Strategic Studies Association, 1999. 1760 p.
Iran: History, pp 685-694.
Book call no.: R 355 D313 1999

Facts on File, 1999. New York, Facts on File, 1999. 1 vol.
Iran: Opposition Group Kills General, April 15, 1999, p 274.
Book call no.: R 909.82 F11 1999

Facts on File, 2000. New York, Facts on File, 2000. 1 vol.
Iran: Mujahedeen Bombing, p 101, February 17, 2000.
News in Brief: Mujahedeen Shelling of Residential Area, p 175, March 16, 2000.
Book call no.: R 909.82 F11 2000

International Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Chicago, IL, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997. 805 p.
Iraqi Sponsorship of Terrorism: Supporting Terrorism Against Iran, pp 390-391.

Book call no.: R 303.625 I612

Jane's Sentinel: The Gulf States. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 2000. 541 p.
Iran, pp 47-138 (especially note sections '2.7.4 Threat Internal' and '2.14.4 Insurgent Forces - Organization').
Book call no.: R 953.6 J33 2000 May - 2000 Oct

Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism. Alexandria, VA, Jane's Information Group, 1999. 520 p.
Mujahideen-e-Khalq, pp 244-245.
Book call no.: R 364.1 J33 1999 May-August

Mawsilili, Ahmad. Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalist Movements in the Arab World, Iran, and Turkey. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1999. 401 p.
Mujahiden Khalq, pp 197-198.
Book call no.: 297.09 M462h

Milani, Mohsen M. The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic. Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 1988. 361 p.
See index under 'Sazeman-e Mojahedin-e-Khalq-e' and 'National Liberation Army' for specific references.
Book call no.: 955.053 M637m

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1999. Washington, U.S. Dept of State, April 2000. 107 p.
Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO), pp 80-81.
Also available online at:
Book call no.: R 303.625 P316 1999

Reeve, Simon. The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama Bin Laden and the Future of Terrorism. Boston, MA, Northeastern University Press, 1999. 294 p.
See index under 'Mujaheddin-e-Khalq'' for specific references.
Book call no.: 364.1097471 R331n

Russell, Malcolm B. The Middle East and South Asia 1999. 33rd ed. Washington, Stryker-Post, 1999. 257 p.
Islamic Republic of Iran: Domestic Concerns During and After the War, pp 97-100.
Book call no.: R 915 C635m 33rd ed 1999

Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995. 633 p.
Terrorism and Politics in Iran, 553-596.
Book call no.: 363.32 T3285


Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran, by Kenneth Katzman. Washington, Nov 1992. 6 p.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.92-824F

Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Terrorism: Middle Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 1999, by Kenneth Katzman. Washington, GPO, August 1999. 37 p.
People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), p 25.
Doc. call no.: M-U 42953-1 no.99-RL30277


Barzin, Saeed. Proxy Warriors. Middle East International No.627:16 June 16, 2000.
Mojahedin Khalq Organization steps up its military campaign.

Boyne, Sean. Tehran Targets Iraq-Based Rebel Forces. Jane's Intelligence Review 12:20-23 April 2000.
Reviews the origins of the MEK, relations between the MEK and Iraq, NLA equipment, etc.

Burns, John F. Left-Wing Group in Iran Fires Mortars at a Military Base. New York Times, p A4, March 14, 2000.

Commentary on U.S. "Two-Faced Policy" on MKO. Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report: Near East & South Asia, p 70, November 16, 1994.
FBIS-NES-94-221 (Microfiche)

Dissidents Claim a Mortar in Teheran (against the Intelligence Ministry). New York Times, p A6, February 1, 1999.

Entessar, Nader. Factional Politics in Post-Khomeini Iran: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 17:21-43 Summer 1994.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report: Near East & South Asia.
For up-to-date information on the Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK, MKO) and its National Liberation Army wing, check the FBIS online database under 'MKO". MKO has been active in 1999 and 2000.

Gelb, Norman. The Problem of Iranian Resistance. New Leader 80:6-7 November 3, 1997.
Discusses the clash between U.S. government security forces and the Iranian National Liberation Army. Also offers information on the National Council of Resistance.

Iran. Pinkerton Global Intelligence Services 2000.
Military Exercises Target Opposition. 17:7 February 4, 2000.
Calm Prevails Despite Assassination Attempt. 17:7 March 17, 2000.

Iran: Events in Tehran Become More Tense and Complicated (attacks by Mujahedin-e-Khalq). Pinkerton Risk Assessment Services Weekly 1998 15, no.23:3-4 June 5, 1998.

Iran's Army: Don't Count on Us, Ayatollah. Economist 332:34 August 27, 1994.
Officers of Iran's armed forces warned their government that in the future they will not let the military be used to quell internal conflicts.

Iraq: Capital Hit by Rockets. Pinkerton Global Intelligence Services 2000. 17:9 May 5, 2000.

Kirschten, Dick. Who's the Real Terrorist? National Journal 26:2284-2285 October 1, 1994.
Details the debate in Washington over the People's Mujahedin of Iran.

Miller, Bill. 2 Groups Appeal Designation as Terror Organizations. Washington Post, p A2, March 14, 1999.

Miller, Bill. State Department Listing of Terror Groups Upheld. Washington Post, p A12, June 26, 1999.

Mojahedin-E-Khalq Claims Responsibility for Esfahan Attack. Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report: Near East and South Asia, p 52, April 25, 1996.
FBIS-NES-96-081 (Microfiche)

Mojahedin-e Khalq Denies Pressure by Baghdad. Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report: Near East and South Asia, p 64, November 22, 1995.
FBIS-NES-95-225 (Microfiche)

Sciolino, Elaine. Iraq Builds Base for Rebels Fighting Iran, U.S. Contends. New York Times, p A3, March 24, 2000.

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Overview - National Council of Resistance of Iran

Monday, 13 June 2005 --- National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)
National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), a broad coalition of democratic Iranian organizations, groups and personalities, was founded in 1981 in Tehran upon the initiative of Massoud Rajavi, the Leader of the Iranian Resistance.Parliament in ExileThe NCRI has 550 members, including representatives of ethnic and religious minorities such as the Kurds, Baluchis, Armenians, Jews and Zoroastrians, representing a broad spectrum of political tendencies in Iran. Acting as parliament in exile, the NCRI aims to establish a democratic, secular and coalition government in Iran.Women comprise 50% of the council’s members. Five organizations are also members of the NCRI, including the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran, the largest and most popular resistance group inside Iran.Democratic decision-makingAll members of the Council have one vote. All decisions are adopted by a simple majority.




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